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Junior Engineering Exam Solved Paper

1. A NAND gate has– 
(A) LOW inputs and a HIGH output (B) LOW inputs and LOW output 
(C) HIGH inputs and a HIGH output (D) HIGH inputs and LOW outputs (Ans : A)

2. When the time period of observation is large the type of the error is– 
(A) Position error constant (B) Steady state error (C) Transient error (D) Half power error (Ans : B)

3. Magnetrostriction is a phenomenon where the magnetization of a ferromagnetic material leads to a change in– 
(A) magnetic susceptibility (B) physical dimensions (C) spontaneous magnetization (D) relative permeability (Ans : D)

4. When an electron jumps from the valence shell to the conduction band it leaves a gap. What is the gap called? 
(A) electron hole pair (B) recombination (C) hole (D) energy gap (Ans : D)

5. An inductor stores energy in– 
(A) electrostatic field (B) electromagnetic field (C) core (D) magnetic field (Ans : D)

6. The characteristics equation s3 – 3s2 – 3s – k = 0 stable for which value of k ? 
(A) 1 (B) 0 (C) 5 (D) – 6 (Ans : B)

7. The accuracy of a meter is determined by .......... deflection. 
(A) Full-scale (B) Half-scale (C) One-fourth of full scale (D) One-tenth of full scale (Ans : A)

8. Dead zone of an instrument is– 
(A) the largest change of input quantity for which there is no output of the instrument 
(B) the time required by an instrument system to begin to respond to a change in measurement 
(C) the unmeasured quantity which is more than the maximum range of the instrument 
(D) change in measuring time (Ans : C)

9. (– 1/2 – j0) is the centre of a constant N-circle in G-plane. Phase-angle will be– 
(A) 45° (B) 180° (C) 0° (D) 90° (Ans : C)

10. A device that converts from decimal to binary numbered is called– 

(A) encoder (B) decoder (C) CPU (D) converter (Ans : A)

11. The magnetic susceptibility of a paramagnetic material is– 
(A) less than one but positive (B) greater than one (C) equal to zero (D) less than zero (Ans : B)

12. A circuit in which the output is the ramp pulses for an input of square pulses then– 
(A) It is an integrating circuit with low RC (B) It is a differentiating circuit with high RC 
(C) It is a differentiating circuit with low RC (D) It is an integrating circuit with high RC (Ans : B)

13. Convert the binary number 1001.0010 to decimal– 
(A) 9.125 (B) 125 (C) 90.125 (D) 12.5 (Ans : A)

14. The following circuit gives the output– 

(A) ABCDE (B) [{C(A + B)D}E'] (C) C(A + B)DE (D) [C(A + B)D + E'] (Ans : C)

15. ........... cannot be used to measure pressure. 
(A) Strain gauge (B) Pyrometer (C) LVDT (D) Pirani gauge (Ans : B)

16. In case of synchro error detector, the electrical zero position of control-transformer is obtained when angular displacement between rotors is– 
(A) 45° (B) 180° (C) 90° (D) Zero system (Ans : B)

17. Convert the binary number 1011010 to hexadecimal– 
(A) SF (B) SC (C) SA (D) SB (Ans : C)

18. The super-position theorem is applicable to– 
(A) both current and voltage (B) current only (C) voltage only (D) current, voltage and power (Ans : D)

19. What causes the depletion region? 
(A) diffusion (B) barrier potential (C) ions (D) doping (Ans : A)

20.Exclusive-OR (XOR) logic gates can be constructed from what other logic gates? 
(A) AND gates, OR gate!" NOT gates (B) OR gates and NOT gates 
(C) OR gates only (D) AND gates and NOT gates (Ans : A)

21. Figure below represent a– 

(A) Power diode (B) Triac thyristor (C) Capacitive diode (D) Diac trigger (Ans : B)

22. What will be the state of a silicon diode if the voltage drop across it is about 0.7 V ? 
(A) Forward bias (B) Zener region (C) Reverse bias (D) No bias (Ans : *)

23.How many orbiting electron does the germanium atom have? 
(A) 4 (B) 41 (C) 14 (D) 32 (Ans : A)

24. What is the resistor value of an ideal diode in the region of conduction? 
(A) infinity (B) undefined (C) 0 Ω (D) 5 kΩ (Ans : C)

25. If an induction type energy meter runs fast, it can be slowed down by– 
(A) adjusting the position of braking magnet and making it come closer to the centre of the disc (B) lag adjustment 
(C) light load adjustment (D) adjusting the position of braking magnet and making it move away from the centre of the disc (Ans : D)

26. The maximum value of a controller output is 100 V and is obtained when the input error is IV. If the controller is working at 20% proportional band, the error and output will be respectively? 
(A) 1 V and 20 V (B) 0.2 V and 120 V (C) 1 V and 120V (D) 0.2 V and 100 V (Ans : D)

27. If there are b branches and n nodes, the number of equations will be– 
(A) n-1 (B) b-n (C) b (D) b-n-I (Ans : D)

28. Liquid crystal material is used in– 
(A) Ultrasonic amplification and display devices (B) Display devices and thermal sensors 
(C) Thermal sensors and transducers (D) Transducers and ultrasonic amplification (Ans : B)

29. Root loci starts from– 
(A) poles and ends on zero (B) poles and ends on infinity (C) zeros and ends on pole (D) zeros and ends on infinity (Ans : D)

30. For a design of the binary counter preferred types of flip-flop is– 
(A) SR type (B) JK type (C) Latch (D) D-type (Ans : B)

31. In P type semiconductor material, minority carriers would be– 
(A) slower (B) holes (C) dopants (D) electrons (Ans : D)

32 What unit is used to represent the level of diode forward current IF? 
(A) mA (B) μA (C) pA (D) p/A (Ans : A)

33. The radio-communication spectrum is divided into bends based on– 
(A) Amplitude (B) Cost and hardware (C) Frequency (D) Transmission media (Ans : C)

34. Which material may also be considered a semiconductor element? 
(A) carbon (B) argon (C) ceramic (D) mica (Ans : A)

35. Forward bias of a silicon P-N junction will produce a barrier voltage of approximately how many volts? 
(A) 0.7 (B) 0.8 (C) 0.3 (D) 0.2 (Ans : A)

36. An accurate ammeter must have a resistance of– 
(A) high value (B) very high value (C) low value (D) very low value (Ans : D)

37. Calculate the power dissipation of a diode having Id = 40 mA– 
(A) 28 mW (B) 28 W (C) undefined (D) 280 mW (Ans : A)

38. An ohmmeter is a– 
(A) Moving iron instrument (B) Moving coil instrument 
(C) Dynamometer instrument (D) Moving iron and moving coil both (Ans : D)

39 Which capacitance dominates in the forward-bias region? 
(A) Transition (B) Diffusion (C) Depletion (D) Drift (Ans : B)

40. A positive AND gate is also a negative– 
(A) NAND gate (B) AND gate (C) NOR gate (D) OR gate (Ans : D)

41. The main difference between the electronic and electrical instruments is that an electronic instrument has– 
(A) a digital readout (B) transducer (C) an electron device (D) an indicating device (Ans : A)

42. The transducer in a measurement system is the–
(A) signal-conditioning device (B) output element (C) input element (D) processing device (Ans : A)

43. Ultrasonic amplification through electron-photon interaction is generally achieved using a– 
(A) Superconductor (B) Piezoelectric material 
(C) Paramagnetic material (D) Elemental semiconductor (Ans : A)

44. 8085 has .......... software restarts and ......... hardware restarts. 
(A) 6, 6 (B) 10, 5 (C) 7, 5 (D) 8, 4 (Ans : D)

45. Convert the decimal number 151.75 to binary– 
(A) 11010011.01 (B) 10010111.11 (C) 00111100.00 (D) 10000111.11 (Ans : B)

46. In a cable capacitor, voltage gradient is maximum at the surface of the– 
(A) Conductor (B) Sheath (C) Dielectric (D) Earth  (Ans : A)

47. The temperature coefficient of resistance of an insulator is– 
(A) Negative and independent to temperature 
(B) Negative and dependent on temperature 
(C) Positive and dependent on temperature 
(D) Positive and independent of temperature (Ans : B)

48. Piezoelectric materials owe their property to the– 
(A) Lack of axis of symmetry (B) Pressence of a centre of a symmetry 
(C) Lack of a centre of symmetry (D) Presence of axis of summetry (Ans : D)

49. In a CRO, the time base signal is a– 
(A) High frequency sinusoidal waveform (B) Square waveform 
(C) High frequency saw tooth waveform (D) Rectangular waveform (Ans : C)

50. In case of delta connected circuit, when one resistor is open, power will be– 
(A) unaltered (B) reducedto1/3 (C) reduced by 1/3 (D) zero (Ans : A)

51. The output will be a LOW for any case when one or more inputs are zero is a– 
(A) NOT gate (B) NAND gate (C) OR gate (D) AND gate (Ans : D)

52. Highest operating frequency can be expected in the case of– 
(A) JFET (B) All the other given option have nearly same frequency 
(C) MOSFET (D) Bipolar transistor (Ans : D)

53. Which one of the following compensation is adopted for improving transient response of a negative unity feedback system? 
(A) gain compensation (B) both phase lag compensation and gain compensation 
(C) phase lag compensation (D) phase lead compensation (Ans : B)

54. The resistances 15.3 Ω, 7Ω, 13Ω and 4.7Ω are connected series. The equivalent resistance will be– 
(A) 40 Ω (B) 25 Ω (C) 0.025 Ω (D) 0.04 Ω (Ans : A)

55. Which of the examples below expresses the commutative law of multiplication? 
(A) A.B = B.A (B) A + B = B + A (C) A.(B.C) = (A.B).C (D) A.B = B + A (Ans : C)

56. An ammeter is a– 
(A) recording instrument (B) integrating instrument (C) absolute instrument (D) secondary instrument (Ans : C)

57. A unit impulse function on differentiation results in– 
(A) unit triplet (B) unit doublet (C) unit parabolic function (D) unit ramp function (Ans : D)

58. Elements with 1, 2 or 3 valence electrons usually make excellent– 
(A) neutral (B) conductor (C) semiconductor (D) insulator (Ans : B)

59. The major cause of creeping in an energy meter is– 
(A) over-compensation for friction (B) excessive voltage across the potential coil 
(C) mechanical vibrations (D) stray magnetic fields (Ans : D)

60. The term zero effect is associated with– 
(A) quality control (B) radars (C) transistors (D) transmission lines (Ans : A)

61. Standard TTL has a multiple emitter input transistor and a ........... output. 
(A) Register (B) Totem-pole (C) Bipolar (D) Transistor (Ans : B)

62. Regarding VTVM which of the following statement is incorrect? 
(A) It is usually plugged into power supply line (B) It measures AC volts 
(C) Its ohm rangers are usually up to RX 1000 Ω (D) It cannot measure directly (Ans : D)

63. Which one of following is a disadvantage of proportional controller? 
(A) It has very simple implementation (B) It produces offset (C) It makes response faster (D) It destabilises the system (Ans : D)

64. In N-type material majority carriers would be– 
(A) dopants (B) electrons (C) holes (D) slower(Ans : B)

65. What is the result when a decimal 5238 is converted to base 16 ? 
(A) 327.375 (C) 1476 (B) 12166 (D) 1388 (Ans : C)

66. The observation that a bubbled input OR gate interchangeable with a bubbled output AND gate is referred to as– 
(A) the commutative law of addition (B) de-morgan's second theorem 
(C) a kamaugh map (D) the associative law of multiplication (Ans : B)

67. Ionization within a P-N junction causes a layer on each side of the barrier called the– 
(A) forward voltage (B) junction (C) depletion region (D) barrier voltage (Ans : C)

68. The coercive force in ferromagnetic material is related to the–
(A) Intercept on the negative H-axis of the B-H loop 
(B) Area enclosed by the B-H loop 
(C) Maximum value of B on the B-H loop 
(D) Intercept on the positive B-axis of the B-H loop (Ans : B)

69. An electronic instrument essentially consists of– 
(A) a transducer (B) an indicating device (C) a digital readout (D) an electron device (Ans : C)

70. When is a P-N junction formed? 
(A) Whenever there is a forward voltage drop 
(B) The point at which two opposite doped materials come together 
(C) In a large reverse biased region (D) In a depletion region (Ans : B)

71. What is an energy gap? 
(A) The energy equal to the energy acquired by an electron passing a IV electric field 
(B) Energy difference between conduction band and valence band 
(C) An energy level at which an electron can exist 
(D) The space between two orbital shell (Ans : B)

72. A potentiometer may be used for– 
(A) Measurement of energy (B) Measurement of resistance 
(C) Calibration of ammeter and voltmeter (D) Measurement of current (Ans : C)

73. The relaxation time (τ) in a perfect dielectric is– 
(A) 0 (B) 1 < τ < ͚  (C) 1 (D)  ͚  (Ans : B)

74. As compared to oscillators an inverter provides– 
(A) low voltage output (B) low frequency output (C) noiseless output (D) distortionless output (Ans : D)

75. The multiplier and the meter coil in a voltmeter are connected in– 
(A) No connection (B) Mixed (C) Series (D) Parallel (Ans : D)

76. The ceramic dielectrics used in electrical engineering include– 
(A) Cermet and Silicide (B) Porcelain and Cermet (C) Cordierite and Porcelain (D) Silicide and Cordierite (Ans : C)

77. A coil having an inductance of 75 H is carrying a current of 100 A. If the current is reduced to zero in 0.2 second, the self-inductance e.m.f. will be– 
(A) 375 V (B) 500 V (C) 125 V (D) 750 V (Ans : A)

78. What is the decimal value of the hexadecimal number 777 ? 
(A) 1911 (B) 19 (C) 191 (D) 19111 (Ans : A)

79. How many truth table entries are necessary for a four-input circuit ? 
(A) 16 (B) 12 (C) 4 (D) 8 (Ans : A)

80. Which semi-conductor device acts like a diode and two resistors? 
(A) SCR (B) Diac (C) Triac (D) UJT (Ans : D)

81. Intrinsic semiconductor material is charaterized by a valence shell of how many electrons? 
(A) 1 (B) 6 (C) 2 (D) 4 (Ans : D)

82. How many 3 to 8 line decoder are required for a 1 of 32 decoder? 
(A) 4 (B) 8 (C) 2 (D) 1 (Ans : A)

83 A P-N junction depicts a closed switch when it– 
(A) cannot overcome its barrier potential (B) is reversed biased 
(C) has a low junction resistance (D) has a wide depletion region (Ans : C)

84. The room temperature resistivity (in ohm-meter) of pure silicon is– 
(A) 3 (B) 3000 (C) 300 (D) 30 (Ans : C)

85. The effect of adding poles and zero can be determined quickly by– 
(A) Nicholas chart (B) Bode plot (C) Root locus (D) Nyquist plot (Ans : B)

86. What type of magnetic behaviour is observed in a type I super-conductor? 
(A) perfect diamagnetism (B) perfect ferrimagnetism (C) perfect ferromagnetism (D) perfect paramagnetism (Ans : C)

87. If the instrument is to have a wide range, it should have– 
(A) square-law scale (B) linear scale (C) logarithmic scale (D) exponential scale (Ans : B)

88. The diffused impurities with how many valence electrons are called donor atoms? 
(A) 4 (B) 3 (C) 0 (D) 5 (Ans : D)

89. The period of a periodic wave is– 
(A) expressed in volts (B) the same as the frequency 
(C) the time required to complete one cycle (D) measured in wavelengths (Ans : C)

Oral Rehydration Therapy' is recommended for– 
(a) Tuberculosis (b) Typhoid (c) Tetanus (d) Cholera 

(Ans : d)

Expand the term 'EMI' as used in banking/finance sector ? 
(a) Easy Monthly Installment (b) Equal Monthly Investment (c) Equated Monthly Installment (d) Equated Mortgage Investment 

(Ans : c)

 Mineral impurities in blood is removed by– 
(a) Lungs (b) Kidney (c) Spleen (d) Liver 

(Ans : b)

 From which one of the following chambers of human heart is the oxygenated blood pumped into aorta ? 
(a) Right Atrium (b) Right Ventricle (c) Left Atrium (d) Left Ventricle 

(Ans : d)

Which one of the following weather conditions is indicated by sudden fall in barometer reading ? 
(a) Stormy weather (b) Calm weather (c) Cold and dry weather (d) Hot and sunny weather (Ans : a)

The tissue which connects bone to bone is– 
(a) Ligament (b) Tendon (c) Adipose (d) Marrow 

(Ans : a)

 For a time difference of one hour, the longitudinal distance is–
(a) 15° (b) 30° (c) 45° (d) 60° (Ans : a)

 The largest island of the world is–
(a) Borneo (b) Andaman and Nicobar (c) Greenland (d) Singapore (Ans : c)

Fog which consists of large particles of moisture is called– 
(a) Mist (b) Dew (c) Cloud (d) None of these (Ans : a)

Who among the following discovered and propounded the theory of displacement of water? 
(a) Newton (b) Archimedes (c) John-Dalton (d) Kepler (Ans : b)

The law of falling bodies was discovered by– 
(a) Archimedes (b) Galilee (c) Darwin (d) Albert Einstein (Ans : b)

The following water of the river possesses which type of energy? 
(a) Gravitational (b) Potential (c) Electrical (d) Kinetic (Ans : d)

Blood is a – 
(a) acidic (b) alkaline (c) variable (d) neutral (Ans : b)

Widal test is used for 
(a) cholera (b) malaria (c) typhoid (d) yellow fever (Ans : c)

 The coldest temperature on the Earth recorded in East Antarctica is 
(a) –53.2°C (b) –83.2°C (c) –53.2°C (d) –95.2°C (Ans : c)

The equatorial diameter of the Earth is– 
(a) 12756 km (b) 13560 km (c) 13900 km (d) 14657 km (Ans : a)

The meaning of the word 'terra rossa' is– 
(a) yellow soil (b) red soil (c) an island (d) None of these (Ans : b)

The longest day in the year is on – 
(a) April 20 (b) May 15 (c) June 21 (d) August 30 (Ans : c)

The Shortest day in the year is on 22 December 

What is the shortest daylight day of the year?
Winter Solstice, That's on December 21 at 16:28 Universal Time. It's when the sun on our sky's dome reaches its farthest southward point for the year. At this solstice, the Northern Hemisphere has its shortest day and longest night of the yea

Which is the longest day of the year?
 The June solstice is the Summer Solstice in the Northern Hemisphere and the Winter Solstice the Southern Hemisphere. The date varies between June 20 and June 22 .Mostly June 21, at 6:51 a.m , depending on the year, and the local time zone it vary.

When day and night are equal?
The sun will  cross the plane of the earth's equator making day and night of approximately equal duration. The event known as equinox is eagerly awaited by space enthusiasts as it takes place twice a year on March 21 and September 23

Humidity is measured by– 
(a) hydrometer (b) barometer (c) hygrometer (d) thermometer (Ans : c)

Which of the following seas has the highest salinity content? 
(a) Aral Sea (b) Red Sea (c) Baltic Sea (d) Dead Sea (Ans : d)

Where trees shed their leaves seasonally is called– 
(a) evergreen forest (b) coniferous forest (c) deciduous forest (d) None of these (Ans : c)

The animal kingdom found in a particular geographical area is called– 
(a) flora (b) fauna (c) biosphere (d) None of these (Ans : b)

What is the meaning of flora and fauna?
Flora is the plant life occurring in a particular region or time, generally the naturally occurring or indigenous (native plant life). 
Fauna  is the Animal life occurring in a particular region or time, generally the naturally occurring or indigenous (native Animal life).
Florafauna and other forms of life such as fungi are collectively referred to as biota.

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