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Thermal and Nuclear Power Plants in India

Thermal Power Plants in India

What is a Thermal Power Plant?
thermal power station is a power plant in which heat energy is converted to electric power. In most of the places in the world the turbine is steam-driven. Water is heated, turns into steam and spins a steam turbine which drives an electrical generator.
What is a Nuclear Power Plant?
nuclear power plant is a type of power station that generates electricity using heat from nuclear reactions. These reactions take place within a reactor. The plant also has machines which remove heat from the reactor to operate a steam turbine and generator to make electricity. Electricity made by nuclear power plants is called nuclear power.

S NoThermal Power Plants NameLocation
1.Amarkantak TPSChachai, Madhya Pradesh
2.Anpara TPSAnparaUttar Pradesh
3.Anta Thermal Power StationAnta, Rajasthan
4.Arasmeta CPP (private)Janjgir, Chhattisgarh
5.Auraiya Thermal Power StationDibiyapur, Uttar Pradesh
6.Badarpur TPPBadarpur, NCT Delhi
7.Bakreswar TPSSuri, West Bengal
8.Barauni TPPBarauniBihar
9.Barsingsar LignitPower Plant eBarsingsar, Rajasthan
10.Bellary TPPKudatiniKarnataka
11.Bhusawal TPSDeepnagar, Maharashtra
12.Bokarao Thermal Power Station ‘B’Bokaro, Jharkhand
13.Chandrapur STPSChandrapur, Maharashtra
14.Chandrapura Thermal Power StationChandrapura, Jharkhand
15.Chhabra STPPMothipura, Rajasthan
16.Deenbandhu Chhotu Ram TPPYamunanagar, Haryana
17.Dr Narla Tatarao TPSIbrahimpatnam, Telangana
18.Dr Shyama Prakash Mukharjee TPPKorba, Chhattisgarh
19.Durgapur Thermal Power StationDurgapur, West Bengal
20.Durgapur TPPDurgapurWest Bengal
21.Ennore TPSEnnore, Tamil Nadu
22.Farakka STPSNagarun, West Bengal
23.Faridabad Thermal Power PlantMujedi, Haryana
24.Feroz Gandhi Unchahar TPPUnchahar, Uttar Pradesh
25.Gandhinagar TPSGandhinagar, Gujarat
26.Giral Lignite TPSThumbli, Rajasthan
27.Guru Gobind SSTPGhanauli, Punjab
28.Guru Hargobind TPLehra Mohabbat, Punjab
29.Guru Nanak dev TPBathinda, Punjab
30.Harduaganj TPSHarduaganj, Uttar Pradesh
31.IB Thermal ppBanharpali, Odisha
32.Indraprashta PSDelhi, NCT Delhi
33.Jharsuguda TPSJharsugudaOdisha
34.Jhanor-Gandhar TPSUrjanagar, Gujarat
35.Jindal Megha PP (private)Tamnar, Chhattisgarh
36.JSW Vijanagar PP-II (private)Vijaynagar, Karnataka
37.Kahalgaon STPSKahalgaon, Bihar
38.Kakatiya TPSChelpur, Telangana
39.Kaparkheda TPSKaparkheda, Maharashtra
40.Kawas TPSAdityanagar, Gujarat
41.Kolaghat TPSMecheda, West Bengal
42.Koradi TPSKoradi, Maharashtra
43.Korba STPPJamani PalliChhattisgarh
44.Kota STPSKota, Rajasthan
45.Kothagudem TPSPaloncha, Telangana
46.Kothagudem V stage TPSPaloncha, Telangana
47.Kutch Lignite TPSPanandhro, Gujarat
48.Lanco Amarkantak TPP (private)Pathadi, Chhattisgarh
49.Lanco Udupi TPP (private)Nandikoor, Karnataka
50.Mejia Thermal Power StationDurlavpur, West Bengal
51.Mettur TPSMetturdam, Tamil Nadu
52.Muzaffarpur TPPKanti, Bihar
53.Mundra TPSKutchGujarat
54.Nashik TPSNashik, Maharashtra
55.National Capital TPPVidyutnagar, Uttar Pradesh
56.Neyveli TPS 1NeyveliTamil Nadu
57.Neyveli TPS 2Neyveli, Tamil Nadu
58.North Chennai TPSAthipattu, Tamil Nadu
59.Obra TPSObra, Uttar Pradesh
60.Panipat TPP 1Assan, Haryana
61.Panipat TPP 2Assan, Haryana
62.Panki TPSPanki, Uttar Pradesh
63.Paras TPSVidyutnagar, Maharashtra
64.Pariccha TPSPariccha, Uttar Pradesh
65.Parli TPSParli-Vaijnath, Maharashtra
66.Raichur Super TPSRaichur, Karnataka
67.Rajghat PSDelhi, NCT Delhi
68.Rajiv Gandhi CCPPKayamkulam, Kerala
69.Ramagundam B TPSRamagundam, Telangana
70.Ramagundam STPSJyothi Nagar, Telangana
71.Rayalaseema TPSCuddapah, Telangana
72.Rihand TPPRihand NagarUttar Pradesh
73.Rosa TPP (private)Rosa, Uttar Pradesh
74.Sabarmati TPS (Private)Ahmadabad, Gujarat
75.Sagardighi TPSManigram, West Bengal
76.Sanjay Gandhi TPSBirsinghpur, Madhya Pradesh
77.Satpura TPSSarniMadhya Pradesh
78.Sikka TPSJamnagarGujarat
79.Simhadri STPSSimhadri, Andhra Pradesh
80.Singrauli Super Thermal Power StationShaktinagarUttar Pradesh
81.Sipat TPPSipatChhattisgarh
82.Surat Lignite TPSNani Naroli, Gujarat
83.Suratgarh STPSSuratgarh, Rajasthan
84.Talcher STPSKanihaOdisha
85.Talcher TPSTalcherOdisha
86.Tiroda TPSTiroraMaharashtra
87.Tanda TPPVidyutnagar, Uttar Pradesh
88.Tuticorin TPSTuticorin, Tamil Nadu
89.Ukai TPSUkai damGujarat
90.Vindhyachal STPSVidhya NagarMadhya Pradesh
91.VS Lignite Power Plant (private)Gurha, Rajasthan
92.Wanakbori TPSWanakboriGujarat
Note : Important Power plants mentioned in bold and blue colour words

Nuclear Power Plants in India

S NoNuclear Power Plants NameLocation
1.Kaiga Generating Station (KGS)Kaiga, Karnataka
2.Kakrapar Atomic Power Station (KAPS)Kakrapur, Gujarat
3.Kudankulam Nuclear Power Plant (KKNPP)Kudankulam, Tamil Nadu
4.Madras/ Kalpakkam Atomic Power Station (MAPS)Kalpakkam, Tamil Nadu
5.Narora Atomic Power Station (NAPS)Narora, Urttar Pradesh
6.Rawatbhata Atomic Power Station (RAPS)Rawatbhata, Rajasthan
7.Tarapur Atomic Power Station (TAPS)Tarapur, Maharashtra
Did You Know?
  • India’s first power generation company was the private Calcutta Electric Supply Corporation (CESC) started in 1899.
  • The first diesel power plant was set up in Delhi in 1905.
  • The first hydro-electric power station was set up in Mysore in 1902
  • At the time of Independence, about 60% of India’s power sector was privately owned.
  • India has a flourishing and largely indigenous nuclear power program and expects to have 20,000 Mega Watts nuclear capacity on line by 2020 and 63,000 Mega Watts by 2032.  It aims to supply 25% of electricity from nuclear power by 2050.
  • The joule is the unit used to measure thermal energy.
  • In order to convert thermal energy into other forms of energy, a machine such as an engine is needed.
  • When you add ice to a warm drink, some of the drinks’ thermal energy is transferred to the ice which makes the drink cooler.
  • Heat energy can be transferred by three ways: convection, conduction, and radiation.
  • There are roughly 430 nuclear power plants worldwide.
  • The United States produces more nuclear energy than any other country.
  • Radiation and nuclear medicines are used to cure and treat many diseases.
  • Africa is the first country in the world to destroy all of its nuclear weapons voluntarily.
  • If a person is ever exposed to radiation during a nuclear disaster, the first thing they should do is remove their clothing because 90% of the radiation will be located there.
  • Seventy years after Independence, only nine  states – Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Karnataka, Goa, Sikkim, Haryana, Kerala, Punjab and Tamil Nadu – of 28  and 6 union territories – Chandigarh, Daman and Diu, Delhi, Haveli, Lakshadweep and Puducherry have been officially declared totally electrified. Unfortunately this report does not indicate the quality or duration of the supply.
  • Approximately 67% of the world’s power is made by burning fossil fuels to make steam which turns the turbines. These are considered thermal power stations.
  • Approximately 40% of the world’s power is made at thermal power station that burn coal
  • Approximately 22% of the world’s power is made at thermal power station that burn natural gas
  • Approximately 16% of the world’s power is produced by hydro electric power stations
  • Approximately 13% of the world’s power is produced by nuclear power stations