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Lok Sabha House of the People

Lok Sabha (House of the People)

Lok Sabha is composed of representatives of the people chosen by direct election on the basis of the adult suffrage. The maximum strength of the House envisaged by the constitution is 552, which made up by election upto 530 members to represent the States, upto 20 members to represent the Union Territories and not more than two members of Anglo- Indian Community to be nominated by the Hon’ble President, if, in his/her opinion, that community is not adequately represented in the House.  The total elective membership is distributed among the States in such a way that the radio between the number of seats allotted to each State and the Population of the State is, so far as practicable, the same for all States.
Qualifications for being a member of Lok Sabha
  • The qualifying age for membership of Lok Sabha is 25 years.
  • He / She should be a citizen of India.
  • He/ She possesses such other qualifications as may be prescribed in that behalf by or under any law made by Parliament.
  • He / She should not be proclaimed criminal i.e. they should not be a convict, a confirmed debtor or otherwise disqualified by law.
  • He / She should have his/ her name in the electoral rolls in anypart of the country.
However a member can be disqualified of being a member of Parliament:
  • If he/ she holds office of profit
  • If he / she is of unsound mind and stands so declared by competent court
  • If he/ she is not a citizen of India, or has voluntarily acquired the citizen of a foreign state, or is under any acknowledgement of allegiance or adherence to a foreign state
  • If he/ she is violating party discipline
Lok Sabha, unless sooner dissolved, continues for five years from the date appointed for its first meeting and the expiration of the period of five years operated as dissolution of the House. However, while a proclamation of emergency is in operation, this period may be extended by Parliament by law for a period not exceeding one year at a time and not extending, in any case, beyond a period of six months after the proclamation has ceased to operate.
Lok Sabha elects one of its own members as its Presiding Officer and he is called the Speaker. He is assisted by the Deputy Speaker who is also elected by Lok Sabha. The conduct of business in Lok Sabha is the responsibility of the Speaker.